By Ross Mouer, Hirosuke Kawanishi
This complete, introductory assessment of the "world of labor" in Japan recollects post-war Japan to research the advance of business kin and the japanese type of administration. It considers the adjustments that came about within the early nineties while disillusionment set in and unemployment and fiscal lack of confidence turned evidence of existence. The authors problem the preeminence of jap administration practices that have ruled the literature over the past 3 a long time.
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Extra resources for A Sociology of Work in Japan (Contemporary Japanese Society)
The world of work has generated debate among Japanese academics and other intellectuals over the past hundred years. One concern has been with understanding how new technologies alter organizational requirements and power relations in ways that fundamentally influence work culture and practices, the social stratification matrix, and the lines of cleavage that fragment or segment the labor force and the larger society. Another focus has been the mobilization and melding of the labor force to achieve the aims of the state.
1 Efficiency The first criterion is whether one system of production is more efficient than another. The focus on efficiency is largely about the ability of systems to export and to generate balance-of-payments surpluses. That ability was mentioned above as a major reason why national systems of industrial relations become widely accepted as models for other societies. The importance of this criterion will be enhanced by moves to more open trade through the World Trade Organization (WTO). With freer trade in capital, technology, ideologies and culture accompanying the more market-oriented approach of the WTO, the competitive advantage of many local areas may not go much beyond the productivity of locally based labor.
The outcomes at the national or “meso” level set parameters limiting the choices available to individuals when they think about their work. The literature on industrial relations and labor law in Japan at the meso level is abundant. It tends to be framed largely in terms of how institutions function from the point of view of policymakers. Less emphasis has been placed on how that framework delineates the choices confronting workers on an everyday basis. This volume considers how the meso level impinges on those choices and affects labor process in Japan’s external labor markets.
A Sociology of Work in Japan (Contemporary Japanese Society) by Ross Mouer, Hirosuke Kawanishi