By Götz Schroth, Gustavo A. B. da Fonseca, Celia A. Harvey, Claude Gascon, Heraldo L. Vasconcelos, Anne-Marie N. Izac
Agroforestry will be the main biodiversity-friendly land use alternative. This quantity examines the opportunity of agroforestry in tropical areas for making land economically effective with no degrading the surroundings.
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Additional resources for Agroforestry and Biodiversity Conservation in Tropical Landscapes
Large networks of protected areas connected through reforestation and agroforestry projects (see examples in Part V, this volume) and the promotion of less destructive uses of land surrounding protected areas (such as elimination of pesticides and controlled use of fire) are but some of the guidelines that should be part of a comprehensive practical conservation plan. Unfortunately, many of these landscape conservation guidelines have not been translated into integrated public policy in countries where biodiversity is rich and at risk.
If no patches exist that are habitable for a particular population, then that population is likely to be lost. Forest fragmentation can result in species population survival or extinction, depending on many factors such as how easily the species can disperse between forest patches 20 I. Conservation Biology and Landscape Ecology in the Tropics and whether the species can use the modified landscape and find resources. For instance, nocturnal species may be better able to survive fragmentation than their diurnal counterparts because of the greater similarity of ambient conditions between forest fragments and the surrounding matrix at night (Daily and Ehrlich 1996).
B. da Fonseca. 2001. Sustainable forest management: a review of conventional wisdom. Advances in Biodiversity Science 3. Washington, DC: Conservation International. Roemer, G. , C. J. Donlan, and F. Courchamp. 2002. Golden eagles, feral pigs, and insular carnivores: how exotic species turn native predators into prey. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 99:791–796. Sala, O. , F. S. Chapin III, J. J. Armesto, E. Berlow, J. Bloomfield, R. Dirzo, E. HuberSanwald, L. F. Huenneke, R. B. Jackson, A.
Agroforestry and Biodiversity Conservation in Tropical Landscapes by Götz Schroth, Gustavo A. B. da Fonseca, Celia A. Harvey, Claude Gascon, Heraldo L. Vasconcelos, Anne-Marie N. Izac