Download PDF by A. B. Bosworth, E. J. Baynham: Alexander The Great In Fact And Fiction

By A. B. Bosworth, E. J. Baynham

ISBN-10: 0198152876

ISBN-13: 9780198152873

ISBN-10: 0199252750

ISBN-13: 9780199252756

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Вокруг имени Александра Македонского сложилось множество легенд. Эта работа представляет собой подборку исследований крупных западных историков, в которых производится попытка отделить правду от вымысла.

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Alexander The Great In Fact And Fiction by A. B. Bosworth, E. J. Baynham PDF

Вокруг имени Александра Македонского сложилось множество легенд. Эта работа представляет собой подборку исследований крупных западных историков, в которых производится попытка отделить правду от вымысла.

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For that we need to turn to the records of the Indian informants whose testimony was compiled by Fray Bernadino de Sahagún in 1555. The most vivid description concerns the mysterious episode in 1520 when Cortés’ lieutenant, Pedro de Alvarado, violated the national festival held by his permission in the capital, and massacred the largely defenceless celebrants. The results were gruesome, luridly illustrated in picture and prose: They attacked all the celebrants, stabbing them, spearing them, striking them with their swords.

The firearms, crossbows, plate armour, and Toledo steel of the conquistadors were set against the obsidian clubs and quilted cotton armour of their Indian adversaries, while Alexander found nothing to match the six-metre long sarisae of his Macedonian phalanx or the discipline of mass engagement which he and his father had inculcated. Singly and collectively they outstripped their adversaries in all branches of military technology. Not surprisingly we read of epic combats in which the invaders were outnumbered many times and still won without significant losses.

23–4. Ch. 175: Maudslay v. 16. Ch. 176: Maudslay v. 21–3. Cortés naturally says nothing of this embarrassing episode, nor of the fact that his reconnaissance team had failed to investigate the swamps beyond the bridge (so Díaz in Maudslay v. 19). He states that after the crossing he sent ahead ‘some Spaniards’, who returned with 80 Indian bearers laden with supplies (Pagden 1986: 361). It comes as no surprise when Díaz identifies himself as the leader of the foraging party and increases the number of bearers to over one hundred.

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Alexander The Great In Fact And Fiction by A. B. Bosworth, E. J. Baynham


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