By John S. Gilkeson
This booklet examines the intersection of cultural anthropology and American cultural nationalism from 1886, whilst Franz Boas left Germany for the us, till 1965, while the nationwide Endowment for the arts used to be validated. 5 chapters hint the improvement inside of educational anthropology of the ideas of tradition, social type, nationwide personality, price, and civilization, and their dissemination to non-anthropologists. As american citizens got here to consider tradition anthropologically, as a "complex entire" a ways broader and extra inclusive than Matthew Arnold's "the top which has been concept and said," so, too, did they arrive to work out American groups as stratified into social periods exotic through their subcultures; to characteristic the making of the yankee personality to socialization instead of delivery; to find the uniqueness of yankee tradition in its subconscious canons of selection; and to view American tradition and civilization in an international viewpoint.
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Additional resources for Anthropologists and the Rediscovery of America, 1886-1965
Irving Hallowell, ‘‘The Beginnings of Anthropology in America,’’ in Selected Papers from the ‘‘American Anthropologist,’’ 1888–1920, ed. : American Anthropological Association, 1976), 1–90; Joan Mark, Four Anthropologists: An American Science in its Early Years (New York: Science History Publications, 1980), 5–8; Curtis M. , Savages and Scientists: The Smithsonian Institution and the Development of American Anthropology, 1846–1910 (Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1981), 15–79; Simon J.
9, Kluckhohn Papers; Franz Boas, ‘‘Anthropology,’’ in Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, ed. Edwin R. A. Seligman (New York: Macmillan, 1930), 2:79; Clyde Kluckhohn, ‘‘Bronislaw Malinowski, 1884–1942,’’ Journal of American Folklore 56 (1943): 210–211. Robert H. Lowie, ‘‘A New Conception of Totemism,’’ American Anthropologist 13 (1911): 189–207; reprinted in Lowie’s Selected Papers in Anthropology, ed. Cora Du Bois (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1960), 293–311, on 293. Clark Wissler, ‘‘The Psychological Aspects of the Culture-Environment Relation,’’ American Anthropologist 14 (1912): 217–225; Clark Wissler, ‘‘Psychological and Historical Interpretations for Culture,’’ Science, 11 February 1916, 193–201; Clark Wissler, ‘‘Opportunities for Coordination in Anthropological and Psychological Research,’’ American Anthropologist 22 (1920): 1–12.
On Boas’s life, see Douglas Cole, Franz Boas: The Early Years, 1858–1906 (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1999); George W. , ‘‘Boas, Franz,’’ Dictionary of American Biography. Supplement Three, 1941–1945, ed. Edward T. James et al. (New York: Scribner, 1973), 81–86. George W. , ‘‘From Physics to Ethnography,’’ in Race, Culture, and Evolution, 133–160; Cole, Franz Boas, 63–82. 48 In emigrating to the United States, Boas unwittingly condemned himself to nine years as a gypsy scholar. While serving as a geographical editor for Science magazine from 1887 until 1889, he learned that his German conception of geography as a human science differed from the prevailing American conception of geography, which Harvard’s William Morris Davis had defined along geomorphological lines.
Anthropologists and the Rediscovery of America, 1886-1965 by John S. Gilkeson