Arboriculture: History and Development in North America by Richard J. Campana PDF

By Richard J. Campana

ISBN-10: 0585188017

ISBN-13: 9780585188010

ISBN-10: 0870134973

ISBN-13: 9780870134975

Arboriculture--the emphasis on maintaining bushes alive and healthy--has emerged only in the near past as a career; despite the fact that, the practices in use this day are the end result of many years of improvement. the 1st publication of its variety, Aboriculture: historical past and improvement in North the United States chronicles a century of this 'love of bushes' view because it has constructed right into a practicable career. starting with a dialogue of the origins of planting, transplanting, and pruning, Richard Campana presents a breadth and intensity of figuring out of ways arboriculture has develop into a massive strength in sleek ecology. particular issues mentioned comprise: the creation of woody crops to North the US; botanical gardens and arboreta; gypsy moths; Dutch elm sickness; the Davey, Bartlett, and Asplundh tree specialists; herbicides, pesticides and fungicides; pruning; fertilization; wound remedy; and cabling, bracing, and lightning defense. This special background might be of curiosity to arborists, urban foresters, panorama architects, nursery businesses, contractors, park and town managers, superintendents of institutional grounds, educators, scholars, employees in land administration, govt and public utilities--and somebody all in favour of the renovation of timber.

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Extra resources for Arboriculture: History and Development in North America

Sample text

Austin was followed by John Lawson, whose book A New Orchard and Garden, first published in 1597, underwent numerous editions over the next eighty years. This publication included the first comprehensive treatment of the principal arboricultural practices in that period, such as planting, tree moving, pruning, fertilizing, wound treatment, and cavity filling. Over a forty-year period, dating back to 1578, Lawson actively opposed the planting of trees too close together, believing it shortened the life of trees.

According to archaeologists, the pictographs made 3,500-4,000 years ago in the Temple of Hatsheput, Dur-el-Bahri near Thebes in Egypt, depicted men transporting "frankincense" trees in containers. , Queen Hatsheput brought foreign seeds and trees from the east coast of Africa to Egypt to produce aromatic incense in her gardens. The story is told in reliefs carried in temple walls. Her boats were loaded with six-foot trees in large baskets suspended by ropes from poles. This is perhaps the earliest record of the introduction of trees from another country.

This was the origin of arboriculture as we know it today. For a hundred years (1800-1900), the care of individual trees on a large scale evolved by trial. and error from crude practices to a crafted art. Many basic principles of arboriculture were established largely by repeated trials. Observations along similar lines were made in many European countries, but because of North American familiarity with English history and language, our knowledge of arboriculture was derived primarily from England where many significant contributions were made.

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Arboriculture: History and Development in North America by Richard J. Campana

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