By Megan A. Perry
Whereas mortuary ruins have lengthy involved archaeologists and paintings historians drawn to the cultures of the close to East and jap Mediterranean, the human skeletal is still inside the tombs of this zone have garnered much less realization. In Bioarchaeology and behaviour, Megan Perry provides a suite of essays that objective a focus at the research of the traditional population of the circum-Mediterranean area.
Composed of 8 assorted papers, this quantity synthesizes contemporary examine on human skeletal is still and their archaeological and old contexts during this sector. using an environmental, social, and political framework, the members current scholarly case reports on such issues because the region's mortuary archaeology, genetic investigations of migration styles, and the traditional populations' well-being, disorder, and diet.
Other key anthropological concerns addressed during this quantity comprise the results of the domestication of crops and animals, the increase of state-level formations, and the position of faith in society. finally, this assortment will supply anthropologists, archaeologists, and bioarchaeologists with a huge starting place for destiny learn within the close to East and jap Mediterranean.
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Additional resources for Bioarchaeology and Behavior: The People of the Ancient Near East
While aspects of other mortuary behaviors are present in the Death Pit bones, the suite of documented characteristics is distinctive. Evidence of short-term deposition combined with intensive carcass processing that is highly focused on meat and marrow retrieval clearly rule out mortuary practices such as cutting tendons to facilitate flexed burials or storage in containers, cleaning the corpse for secondary burial, and/or random mutilation of the corpse to destroy evidence of its existence. Cooking rather than cremation is indicated by the presence of low-temperature thermal exposure and pot polish.
Gauld and J. Oliver. , Villa and Mahieu 1991; White 1992; Turner and Turner 1999), they also cannot be explained by reference to other previously described Late Neolithic mortuary patterns. Halaf Feasting and the Death Pit Certainly a large communal feast involving cannibalism on the scale documented in the Death Pit human assemblage would have had great significance for members of the Domuztepe community. The event’s importance is clearly expressed in the ritual overtones that surround its 26 · Suellen C.
Because of this, one would not expect that the burials necessarily reflect homogeneous cultural or mortuary practices, and it is quite possible that the mortuary treatment of infants may reflect the social significance of certain period-specific age stages or may have been motivated by different beliefs at different times. However, several noteworthy cultural phenomena may be gleaned from subsets of these remains. In the following sections, we present bioarchaeological data on all of the infants from Kish before focusing our attention on a detailed analysis of a cluster of burials from the Neo-Babylonian period.
Bioarchaeology and Behavior: The People of the Ancient Near East by Megan A. Perry