By Gordon W. Frankie, Alfonso Mata, S. Bradleigh Vinson
The attractive tropical dry woodland of northwest Costa Rica, with its hugely seasonal rainfall and diversely vegetated panorama, is disappearing much more quickly than Costa Rica's better-known rain wooded area, essentially since it has been more uncomplicated to transform to agriculture. This publication, in keeping with greater than thirty years of analysis, deals the 1st entire examine the ecology, biodiversity, and conservation prestige of this endangered and fragile sector. The participants, from Costa Rica, Britain, Mexico, and the U.S., and representing the fields of ecology, environmental schooling, coverage, and the legislation, learn the most important plant and animal teams residing within the dry woodland and current the 1st technical assessment of Costa Rica's conservation efforts.As they check the prestige in their region of strong point within the dry wooded area, the participants additionally glance past this actual quarter to teach how its crops and animals are ecologically and evolutionarily attached to different geographic parts in Costa Rica and critical the US. Their chapters hide issues corresponding to watershed and coastal administration, plant phenology, pollination, bugs, birds, mammals, amphibians, and reptiles. additionally they contemplate the socioeconomic, coverage, felony, and political points of biodiversity conservation, giving the amount a wide-ranging viewpoint and creating a targeted contribution to our wisdom of the tropical dry wooded area. The publication concludes with a huge synthesis of the members' tips about destiny instructions, guidelines, and activities that would greater preserve biodiversity in Costa Rica and different neotropical forests in addition.
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Extra info for Biodiversity Conservation in Costa Rica: Learning the Lessons in a Seasonal Dry Forest (2004)(en)(
2). As with the moth ﬂowers, bat ﬂowers are morphologically variable (Heithaus et al. 1975). Compared with moth ﬂowers, they are larger and supply their pollinators with more nectar per ﬂower (and pollen in some cases). They are also structurally strong and often provide landing bases for bats. In contrast to moth ﬂowers, ﬂowering times of bat ﬂowers tend to be spread out evenly over the year and are broadly overlapping. Heithaus et al. (1975) provide a par- 22 FRANKIE ET AL. tial examination of bat ﬂoral resources and their interaction with seven ﬂower-visiting bat species they studied.
The relationships of new foliage to larval feeding and the production of new moths is obvious and well based on fundamental biological needs of these lepidopterans. What is not yet clear is the relationship between moths and some moth-adapted ﬂowers that bloom at the end of the dry season, when leaﬂessness reaches its extreme in the dry forest. Caterpillars of these moths may specialize on those plant species that ﬂush new leaves before the rainy season begins. In addition, caterpillars of some Lepidoptera eat ﬂowers of mass- ﬂowering bee trees that are so abundant late in the dry season.
Biodiversity Conservation in Costa Rica: Learning the Lessons in a Seasonal Dry Forest (2004)(en)( by Gordon W. Frankie, Alfonso Mata, S. Bradleigh Vinson