By Thomas M. Holtgraves
This interdisciplinary synthesis of the social mental points of language use presents an integrative and well timed overview of language as social motion. The booklet effectively weaves jointly study from philosophy, linguistics, sociolinguistics, anthropology, social and cognitive psychology, pragmatics, and synthetic intelligence. during this method, it truly demonstrates what percentage facets of social lifestyles are mediated by means of language and the way realizing language use calls for an figuring out of its social dimension.
issues coated include:
*speech act thought and oblique speech acts;
*politeness and the interpersonal determinants of language;
*language and effect administration and individual perception;
*conversational constitution, point of view taking; and
*language and social inspiration.
This quantity may still function a precious source for college kids and researchers in social psychology and communique who desire a transparent presentation of the linguistic underpinnings of social interplay. it's going to even be worthwhile to cognitive psychologists and different language researchers who desire a thorough exam of the social mental underpinnings of language use. even supposing this publication is proper for a number of disciplines, it's written in a transparent and easy variety that would be available for readers despite their orientation.
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Extra resources for Language As Social Action: Social Psychology and Language Use
So, how does one determine what the speaker really intended? ” One of the most interesting aspects of this approach is the linkage of mechanisms for performing indirect requests with the felicity conditions underlying requests. In general, people can perform indirect requests by questioning hearer-based preparatory conditions such as ability, willingness, and so forth and by asserting speaker-based preparatory conditions. 3. This analysis can be extended to speech acts other than requests (although it does not work quite as well).
Particularized implicatures, then, are not the result of any specific feature of an utterance (there are an infinite number of utterances one could use to violate the relevance maxim), but rather a feature of the placement of an utterance in a conversational sequence. So, the particularized-generalized distinction is not a property of utterances per se, but rather a property of the manner in which an utterance is used. Idioms, metaphors, and other figures of speech might also yield particularized implicatures in certain contexts.
As a result, these same conditions can be denied as a means of refusing to comply with the request. ”) and denied by Beth in order to (indirectly) refuse to comply with the request (“I don’t get paid until to Friday”). Research suggests that indirect refusals performed in this way, like conventional indirect requests, are recognized directly and without need for an inference process (Holtgraves, 1999). CONCLUSION In this chapter I have focused on language use as human action, as opposed to treating language as an abstract system existing apart from its use.
Language As Social Action: Social Psychology and Language Use by Thomas M. Holtgraves