By Stuart Carr, Mac MacLachlan, Eilish McAuliffe
Psychology of relief offers an unique, mental method of improvement reports, targeting the social elements of reduction and its motivational foundations.
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Extra resources for Psychology of Aid
At a cross-cultural level, then, if people in developing countries are often more attuned to situational causes, might they not simply, as a group, blame their own poverty too much on their situation? This, after all, is what is suggested by the ultimate attribution error, which has a reasonably good track record across cultures (see Augoustinos and Walker, 1995; Smith and Bond, 1993). To address the issue arising here, we can extend the analogy of actors and observers from within the West to encompass the poor in developing countries as actors.
The arrival of an expatriate often means the departure of a local person to gain qualifications in a donor country. 1 assume the duties of local persons and thereby release the latter for overseas study, in quadrant four. In another sense however, the expatriate temporarily ‘displaces’ an irreplaceable member of the local community (Dore, 1994). 1, the subsystems ‘Donors Abroad’ and ‘Hosts Abroad’ are inextricably linked. They form a (sub)system in themselves. This link is further reinforced through the linking issue of fitting the person to the job (via selection) versus the job to the person (via analysis of training needs).
S (1990) survey of the UK public, belief in a just world was linked to donor bias. At the other end of the continuum we found a possible link too, namely between belief in an unjust world and (lack of) donation behavior. Those students who believed in an unjust world also tended, as a distinct group, to make relatively dispositional attributions. Perhaps, in an unjust world, you also ‘get what you deserve’ because nobody else is left to take responsibility for you? Furnham (1993) found that people living in more hierarchically structured societies tended toward greater belief in a just world and belief in an unjust one.
Psychology of Aid by Stuart Carr, Mac MacLachlan, Eilish McAuliffe