By Jeremy T. Paltiel (auth.)
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Additional resources for The Empire’s New Clothes: Cultural Particularism and Universal Value in China’s Quest for Global Status
Loyalty is strictly dynastic, not institutional. No distinction was made between imperial “sovereignty” and loyalty to the dynasty and the ruling house. This precluded modern notions of sovereignty based on the state as an institution with a defined territorial reach. Moreover, the legal basis of sovereignty in the Western tradition has no purchase in the Chinese conception that rests on a fundamental notion of immanence rather than transcendence. Because no legal order rooted in natural rights transcends the phenomenal order, positive law has a purely instrumental character.
Sovereignty is both the legal basis of the state in the international arena and the source of law in the domestic arena. China highlights sovereignty to assert the role of the state as the unit of value in the international order and to legitimate the activity of the state to compete for global status on the basis of respect for the sovereignty of other states. In chapter 5 I examine market interactions as a force that promotes normative convergence in state identity through China’s integration into the World Trade Organization (WTO).
The spatial-territorial character of the Chinese empire was not challenged by contiguous states that impinged on or competed with the Chinese order in any equivalent manner. It remained possible, therefore, to view the world as a hierarchy of greater and lesser rulers that focused on the cosmological role of the emperor. There was no struggle between emperor and pope to stimulate debate about the sources of political authority, nor was there an equivalent of the Muslim challenge, or Ottoman Empire, to organize diplomatic and military activity around territorial powers abstracted from cultural forms and norms.
The Empire’s New Clothes: Cultural Particularism and Universal Value in China’s Quest for Global Status by Jeremy T. Paltiel (auth.)